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A.M. Best Report Looks at the State of Workers Comp

Posted on 09 Sep 2009

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Challenging market conditions, the financial crisis and the recession drove profitability downward for the U.S. workers compensation market in 2008, and A.M. Best Co. expects the impact to linger through 2009 and well into 2010. Meanwhile, changing regulatory issues and reforms are continuing to affect workers comp, bringing turmoil in terms of pricing, competition, loss costs, frequency, severity and profitability.

* A.M. Best's workers compensation composite, which consists of 103 groups and unaffiliated single companies (including state funds), saw net income deteriorate by $1.4 billion, or 62%, to $0.9 billion in 2008.

* This drop in earnings reflected both the fall in the financial markets and sharply reduced premium volume due to persistent soft pricing, competition, legislative reforms, the recession, rising unemployment and shrinking payrolls.

* The composite’s 2008 net premiums written (NPW) fell to its lowest level since 2000, down approximately 30% from its high of $20.9 billion in 2004.

* After posting relatively strong underwriting results in 2005 and 2006, the composite recorded underwriting losses of $1.2 billion and $1.5 billion in 2007 and 2008, respectively, with combined ratios of 106.5 and 110.8 for the same periods.

* NPW in the workers comp line of business fell for the third consecutive year in 2008, declining about 12.0%—far faster than the 2.0% decrease for the overall U.S. P/C industry.

* The workers comp line reported a calendar-year combined ratio of 104.4 in 2008, up only slightly from 103.6 in 2007, but up sharply from the low of 98.5 reported in 2006.