Posted on 05 Oct 11
Haiti’s women entrepreneurs will be first in the world to receive rapid insurance payments for income lost by their micro-businesses due to cholera. This programme, along with a five-year, multi-million dollar initiative to help farmers in Senegal boost their food and income security, were announced today at the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) Annual Meeting by Swiss Re and its CGI partners as their commitments for 2012.
Global reinsurer Swiss Re works with governments, development organizations, microfinance institutions and NGOs around the world to create and implement innovative risk solutions that strengthen society’s ability to cope with the effects of natural disasters, diseases and climate change.
Pioneering cholera insurance for women entrepreneurs in Haiti
Cholera first appeared in Haiti after the heavy rains in the fall of 2010. This motivated Fonkoze, the country’s largest microfinance organization, Mercy Corps and Swiss Re – all partners in MiCRO (the Microinsurance Catastrophe Risk Organization) - to take on the commitment of developing a new cholera insurance scheme which ensures “real-time” payout once a pre-defined set of criteria are met. These include cholera-related hospital admissions and observable weather factors linked to cholera outbreaks.
These parametric policies, which use a specially developed index to closely mirror actual local situations, are especially efficient as they can provide funds even while policy holders wait for medical checkups or other assessments. The scheme is expected to make cholera covers available to Fonkoze’s women borrowers (which currently number 50,000) and their families, and be fully implemented by 2013.
Swiss Re’s Chairman of Global Partnerships Michel Liès explained that the cholera insurance scheme would build on MiCRO’s existing product in Haiti, a natural catastrophe microinsurance cover launched in early 2011 and that provides protection to Fonkoze’s women clients against loss of livelihood caused by earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes. This natural catastrophe solution was recently awarded “2011 Company Launch of the Year” by The Review, a global insurance trade publication, and recognized as the year’s “most significant new venture in an area of market need”.
"Some 4,000 women who lost their homes or business assets in the floods earlier this year have already received USD 1 million in payment We expect this cholera policy will be similarly effective in ensuring that the infection of an income provider does not result in destitution for the entire family," said Liès. “We also anticipate that the index we develop for MiCRO can potentially be applied to other infectious diseases in other parts of the world.”
Empowering poor farmers in Senegal to deal with climate risk
In its second CGI commitment, Swiss Re is working with Oxfam America, the World Food Programme (WFP) and WFP sponsor USAID, to take to Senegal an ‘insurance for work’ program that will give tens of thousands of that country’s poor, small-holder farmers the means to maintain their livelihood despite the potential impact of climate change on their crop yields.
Known as the R4 Rural Resilience initiative, the Senegal project is an extension of a successful pilot in Ethiopia by Swiss Re, Oxfam America and other partners which will be expanded to other countries over time.
Swiss Re will lead the design and implementation of risk transfer solutions that enable these farmers manage their vulnerability to changes in climate, and will contribute an USD 1.25m over five years to the implementation and expansion of the initiative.
The scheme currently brings the benefits of insurance to 13,000 African households – up from 200 households when it was launched in 2009 – and intends to add another 18,000 in Senegal alone by 2016. Of these, 15,000 are expected to pay for their insurance through labor and 3,000 by cash.
The R4 project makes insurance affordable to even the very poorest members of a community by giving them the option to pay for their premiums with their labour. This innovative insurance-for-work programme will engage farmers in local irrigation and forestry projects intended to reduce the impact of climate change on their villages.
Liès said: "Insurance is a cornerstone of economic growth and stability, and Swiss Re are proud to contribute our expertise so that even the poorest farmers and their families can cope when crops are ruined by drought, flood or other climate related impacts. We have demonstrated that even farmers with no monetary income can build a better future by trading labor for insurance, in ways that also help to strengthen their communities."
The R4 concept is based on four pillars of risk management: community risk reduction, productive risk taking, risk transfer and risk reserves which together create rural resilience. As the only commercial re/insurance company on the R4 strategic advisory board, Swiss Re will lead the design and implementation of these ground-breaking risk transfer solutions in Ethiopia and Senegal.
The power of partnership
Throughout the world, the increasing severity and frequency of natural catastrophes and climate change impacts are driving up the costs of disaster relief and reconstruction. The large gap between actual economic losses and insured losses is especially problematic in developing and emerging markets, which are usually most impacted but least prepared.
“We are proud to contribute our insurance expertise to strong partnerships such as R4 and MiCRO which focus on enabling the most vulnerable to recover faster in the wake of a disaster. It is important to Swiss Re that the partnerships we engage in involve credible partners, that they carry a long term perspective with the potential for scale up and transfer, thus over time benefitting more people, in more regions," concluded Liès.