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House Committee Investigates Death Benefit Payouts Practices for Fallen Military

Source: NPR

Posted on 13 Aug 2010

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The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee is examining insurance companies' practices regarding death benefit payouts for troops killed in Iraq and Afghanistan amid concerns that insurers are taking advantage of the fallen troops' families.

Prudential Insurance, which contracts with the Department of Veterans Affairs to provide life insurance for members of the armed forces, has been asked by the Committe for information about its handling of so-called retained asset accounts from death benefits for service members' families.

These death benefits, which can amount up to $400,000, are supposed to be available in a lump sum. But in retained asset accounts, rather than paying out death claims all at once, the insurance companies keep the funds in an account, and give beneficiaries so-called checkbooks to access the money. The companies pay the beneficiaries a small amount of interest for the money they're holding — usually 1 percent or less — while the companies themselves invest the money and earn a much higher return, often around 4 or 5 percent.

The practice is fairly common in the insurance industry. The companies say these accounts (one estimate finds there are more than a million of them, with as much as $28 billion in them) are a convenient service at a time of emotional duress, and give grieving families one less issue to deal with.

But critics say insurance companies are taking advantage of people with these policies at a time of great emotional strain, especially families of service members killed in action. Mark Umbrell, whose son, an Army ranger, was killed in Iraq in 2007, says he was skeptical about the benefits from the beginning.

"I thought we were going to get a check from the government for $400,000. And when I read into this, I remember my wife and I having a conversation that this is a scam, this insurance company or this bank — they're stealing money," he says.

Now, beneficiaries can take the checkbook, write out a check for the entire amount due to them, and put it in the bank.

That's what Umbrell did. But he doesn't think much of the practice, especially because on the death benefit form, he requested the money be paid in one lump sum to begin with. And a lot of people try to use these checkbooks as if they are actual bank checks, which they are not, and are surprised and embarrassed when stores won't accept them, or find it takes more than a week for a bank to clear the drafts. Stories like these outrage Joe Davis with the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Washington.

"To make money off of dead soldiers — you don't do that," Davis says. "That's just not right. And just because they are doing this to all beneficiaries across the nation doesn't make this any less egregious."

The VA issued a statement saying it is investigating the policies, but declined NPR's request for an interview. The VA this week sent a letter to family members, ensuring them that their funds are safe. Prudential says it's working with the VA to address concerns.

Paul Graham, a senior vice president with the American Council of Life Insurers, the industry's trade group, says the industry has had "positive feedback from beneficiaries that have liked these accounts, but we certainly are open to reviewing any problems that have occurred."

On Wednesday, the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee sent a letter to Prudential outlining more than two dozen questions it wants the company to answer, including how much Prudential earns on the money held in the accounts, and how much interest it pays beneficiaries on that money. Several other members of Congress have also questioned the accounts, as well as at least two state attorneys general.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. now says it also has concerns about whether the insurance companies are properly informing beneficiaries that the money held in the retained asset accounts is not FDIC-insured. The benefits are protected by state insurance funds, but not to the full $400,000 amount.