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Fitch: Cost of Settling Looks More Expensive After UBS

Source: Mortgage Servicing News

Posted on 02 Oct 2013 by Neilson

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Fitch and banksAfter Switzerland's largest bank UBS reached an $885 million agreement with the government-sponsored enterprises last month to settle claims that it improperly sold them mortgage-backed securities during the housing bubble, Fitch Ratings thinks more banks will choose to fight any charges made against them in court rather than pay excessive costs like this.

Two years ago, FHFA filed 18 lawsuits alleging that banks misrepresented the quality of private-label mortgage securities sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac before the financial crisis.

So far, only UBS, Citigroup and GE Capital have settled their lawsuits with the GSE conservator. However, the three settlements represent only 5% of the $200 billion in alleged losses with much of the bulk of exposure still outstanding.

The UBS case was resolved over $4.5 billion in residential mortgage-backed securities that the financial institution sponsored and $1.8 billion in original face value of third-party RMBS. The $885 million lump-sum payment made by UBS represents approximately 14% of the $6.3 billion PLS original face value.

Although this settlement does not create a formal precedent, Fitch expressed that its high costs relative to the outstanding portfolio amount might lead to different provisions at other banks.

"It is challenging to estimate the potential exposure for individual banks given the unique circumstance of each institution," Fitch said. "Some of the banks have been involved in other settlements with the GSEs, which may impact their negotiations on the outcome of this litigation. This is likely to be a drawn-out process, similar to other PLS litigation, which will perpetuate uncertainty of ultimate losses."

The top three banks (Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase and RBS), Fitch said, account for approximately 60% of the total losses outstanding, in which B of A makes up about half of this total.

Fitch stated outstanding balances are now down to a total of nearly $63 billion. About two-thirds of this amount come from the top three banks, while four banks-First Horizon, Societe Generale, Nomura and Barclays-have outstanding balances below $1 billion.

According to Fitch, the quality and performance of the underlying PLS is likely to play an important role in the each bank's ultimate exposure. The weighted average ratings of the current outstanding securities vary between banks, but all ratings are low, ranging from D to CCC for banks that have not settled yet.

Additionally, Intex, which tracks publicly available performance data of PLS, revealed that the aggregate loss rates for the underlying securities cited in each of the FHFA complaints fluctuate between 0% and 6.5%, while the current balances vary between 8.6% and 41% of the original balance.

Lastly, the New York-based ratings agency expects litigation and regulatory costs for the banking sector to remain high but manageable. Fitch added that statutes of limitation should result in a decrease in the number of new court filings during 2014, but current litigation matters are likely to drag on for a considerable amount of time.

"Estimating potential litigation exposure is by its nature difficult if not impossible. However, Fitch believes that improved and more consistent disclosure could help investors size the potential maximum exposure that banks face," the agency said.

"Additional information could include the performance of the underlying securities and maximum exposure estimates, which have been disclosed by HSBC," Fitch continued. "It would also be helpful to know the size of the Citi and GE settlements, which have not been disclosed by FHFA."


The Old Guy Oct 2 2013 11:08AM Report Abuse
How conveniently we forget that the mortgages now considered "toxic" or over stated, were know to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and everyone in the entire country to be bogus. Remember that banks were being told that they "must provide loans" to people that could not afford them. Remember that banks were advertising loans up to 125% or apprised value; remember that appriasers were being paid to get the apprisal up to the level of the loan or be fired. These were not secret "deals", every TV network did one or more stories on these practices, Congress encouraged more loans and more loans be approved, including Fannie & Freddie. Every single person who was part of the real estate and mortgage placement business was at fault and everybody knew it. Are the Attorney's General going after all of the players? Not in a heart beat. They skip the politicians first, the buyer, Freddie & Fannie next, and of course they let the realtors and the appraisers off because, "they were just doing their jobs" . Horse pucky! It was a political problem, lets deal with the politicians first. $1.8 billion divided by 535 Congressmen and 1 president = $3,358,209 each. (1,800,000,000/536=3,358,209)
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